Why Do We Dream?

Everyone on the planet is familiar with dreaming to someone extent. So why has something as common as dreaming been baffling scientists for centuries? Hypotheses surrounding the purpose of dreams have been forming since societies in Ancient Greece and Egypt started pondering the phenomenon. The truth is that we still do not have any conclusive evidence to support why dreaming occurs.

Before we dive into theories about dreams, here are a few tidbits of information that are currently believed to be factual:

1. Eyes are not necessary for dreaming.

Many people assume that blind people do not dream, but since dreams are made up of emotions, ideas, and sensory perceptions in addition to images, blind people have no issues dreaming.

2. Dreaming is involuntary, but it can be controlled.

Everybody dreams whether they remember it or not. We cannot avoid dreaming, but if we become aware of the fact that we are dreaming, it is possible to control what you dream of. This is called lucid dreaming and it often requires practice.

3. You cannot read or tell time in dreams.

This one is more difficult to prove, but studies show that most people cannot actually read or tell time while they are dreaming, at least not accurately. You can dream that you are reading, but it is more of an appearance than an actual action— similar to how an actor in a movie may appear to be reading, but they are not actually taking in any information from the book.

4. Dreaming does not only occur during Rapid Eye Movement (REM Sleep)

REM is when our most vivid dreams occur, but our minds remain active all throughout our sleep cycles.

5. Television affects our dreams.

In the 1940s, three quarters of Americans hardly if ever saw color in their dreams. Once color was introduced to television, the percentage of people who dream in black and white had dropped to 12 percent.

6. Babies cannot dream about themselves.

Babies lack self awareness and they usually see themselves as an extension of their parents. Babies will not appear in their own dreams until approximately 15-24 months old.

Now that we have gone over a few facts, let’s explore some theories that attempt to explain why we dream:

1. Dreaming sorts information.

The human brain is taking in mass amounts of information every single second. Some people believe that dreaming is the brain’s method of sorting through information and deciding what to keep.

2. Dreams reflect emotions.

Your emotions have everything to do with how you handle daily life, and many people believe that dreaming helps you cope with and understand your emotions.

3. Dreams are random.

There is a theory that dreams are nothing but chemical reactions that have no purpose at all.

4. Dreams investigate memories.

There is a belief that dreams occur to thoroughly investigate memories of events that you could only pay attention to for a few seconds during your waking hours.

5. Dreaming is supernatural.

The ancient Greeks and Egyptians believed dreaming was a method of supernatural communication with divine spirits.

6. Dreams represent your subconscious self.

This is one of the most popular beliefs about dreams. This theory was popularized by Freud and states that dreams are unaffected by our conscious restrictions which ultimately reveals our primal and unfiltered thoughts and urges.

7. Dreams are symbolic.

This theory combines Freud’s ideas with other psychological experts’. This theory suggests common dreams hold deep symbolism for the dreamer.

Some popular examples include:

⁃ Teeth falling out: you feel a lack of control.

⁃ Death: you desire or are experiencing a new beginning.

⁃ Being chased: you feel threatened.

⁃ Nudity: you feel vulnerable.

I hope you enjoyed this blog post. I find it to be so crazy that we still don’t have any solid answers as to why dreaming occurs. Personally, I think these theories have their merits, but I don’t 100% believe in one single theory. I think some of the theories go together hand in hand and make more sense that way. Now I want to know what you think. Leave a comment and let me know what your opinions about dreams are.

Feel free to keep up with me on Twitter: @MegRoylee


Thoughts on Thursday: The Butterfly Effect

The butterfly effect is something I have been fascinated by for years. It is the theory that any seemingly insignificant action is capable of completely altering the course of the future. The term was coined by Edward Lorenz who proposed the metaphorical idea that every aspect that makes up a tornado can be influenced by a butterfly flapping its’ wings.


Whether or not a butterfly’s wings flapping can alter a tornado is up for debate, but I absolutely believe that small events can have a far greater impact on the future than what is initially believed. Personally, I do not believe that everything happens for a reason— I think this statement confuses correlation with causation.

The butterfly effect is not to be confused with the domino effect. The butterfly effect is entirely unpredictable, whereas the domino effect is made up of predictable events leading up to the larger event.

For example, when you push one domino over, it is safe to assume the rest of the dominoes will go with it— hence, the domino effect. However, when it comes to the butterfly effect, something as simple as spending an unplanned five minutes to search for your keys could mean you avoided the path of a distracted driver that would have otherwise resulted in a car accident.

If you are still unsure as to whether or not you believe the butterfly effect is real, here are a few examples of the phenomenon:

  • One Unsuspecting Man Caused the Holocaust


Henry Tandey was a British soldier in 1918. When in France, he had the opportunity to spare one young man’s life, and he chose to take it. The young man who was spared was Adolf Hitler.

There is no way Tandey could have known what atrocious acts Hitler was going to do, but if he had decided to take the shot, the Holocaust may never have happened.

  • A Child Immigrant Caused the Iraq War


Elian Gonzalez was a little boy involved in an international custody battle leading up to one of the closest elections in United States history. The ship Elian was sailing on from Cuba sank, and his mother drowned. Elian ended up with relatives in Miami, but his father wanted him back in Cuba. His father won the battle, and Floridians were repulsed by the way Democrats handled the situation. An extra 50,000 Cuban-Americans voted Republican, and tipped the scales in Bush’s favor. Bush then ended up winning in Florida by a mere 537 votes.

Had Elian’s story played out differently, Al Gore would have ended up being president, and the Iraq War may not have happened.

  • A Fictional Book Loses the U.S. Millions in the Stock Market


Thomas Lawson’s book Friday the Thirteenth caused widespread panic. Now mass amounts of superstitious Americans stay home on this day instead of shopping or going to work, thus causing the U.S. stock market to lose $900 Million every time this day rolls around.

Sure, these events still could have happened if these smaller events leading up to them hadn’t occurred, but they most likely would have played out far differently.

I actually have my own butterfly effect example. When I was around fifteen, I was at Walgreens with my mom. After leaving the store, I realized we had forgotten to pick up my over-the-counter allergy medicine. My mom suggested we go to CVS to pick it up, but since I had just finished up with a late night dance practice and was tired, I suggested we just pick it up the next day. When I got home, I found out that the CVS in my town had been robbed at the exact time I would have been in the store. Had I not been tired from a dance practice, I would have walked in on a robbery where anything could have happened.

Though the butterfly effect cannot be proven, I personally believe this theory has its’ merits. Now I want to know your opinions. Do you believe the butterfly effect is real? Do you have your own example of the theory? Let me know in the comments.

Thank you for reading, and be sure to keep up with me on Twitter: @MegRoylee.

Strangest Phobias

Fear is necessary to survival. If the whole of humanity experienced true fearlessness, our species would have died out almost immediately. Although fear is an unpleasant part of life, it keeps us safe. If our brains didn’t release the chemicals associated with fear when we are in high altitudes or near dangerous animals, we would not know to be cautious in these situations.

Sometimes our fears can be so extreme that they develop into anxiety disorders known as phobias. Phobias are extreme physical and psychological reactions to things or situations a person is scared of. These reactions include dizziness, breathlessness, increased heart rate, sweating, trembling, extreme nervousness, and a feeling of imminent doom. Many phobias are within the realm of understanding such as Acrophobia— the fear of heights, or Arachnophobia— the fear of spiders. Other fears, however, are oddly specific and do not seem threatening to most people.

Here are a few of the most unusual phobias:

  • Uranophobia: The Fear of Heaven or the Sky


Most people envision Heaven as a place of infinite tranquility, and consider it the ultimate goal of this life. This fear often stems from being scared of judgement after death. This fear is also associated with the fear of looking up, the fear of death, and the fear of infinity. Uranophobia is an existential fear, but it honestly makes a lot of sense to me. I completely understand how someone could be scared of Heaven.

  • Aulophobia: The Fear of Flutes


Flutes are a beautiful instrument, but there are people who are absolutely terrified of them. This is a very specific phobia, meaning sufferers most likely associate the sound of flutes with a traumatic event that happened in their lives.

  • Bibliophobia: The Fear of Books


To a bookworm like myself, I cannot possibly imagine being scared of books, but they are a true nightmare for others. The fear of books can stem from a traumatic event and is linked to illiteracy.

  • Anatidaephobia: The Fear of Being Watched by a Duck


This fear is extremely specific. There are enough people who are scared of ducks watching them for it to be a recognizable phobia. People who suffer with this phobia are not necessarily scared of a duck attacking them (though they may also fear that,) they are scared of a duck simply watching them. This fear most likely starts in childhood, and sufferers may not even know what exactly causes their intense fear.

  • Barophobia: The Fear of Gravity


Most of us are pretty grateful that gravity exists, but others are stricken with paralyzing  fear when they think about it. The very thought of gravity is accompanied by a rather disturbing worry— that it may fail. Other causes include a traumatic fall or significant fear during a roller coaster. I understand this fear, but I cannot imagine living with it.

  • Agyrophobia: The Fear of Crossing Roads


The classic “why did the chicken cross the road?” joke must be a nightmare for people suffering from Agyrophobia. This fear usually stems from an external event such as a traumatic childhood experience. Being scared of crossing the road or of busy streets must be a paralyzing condition, considering how often people need to get from point A to point B.

There you have it, those were a few of the strangest phobias. What are your opinions of these phobias? Do you have a strange phobia of your own? I would love to hear from you in the comments.

Don’t forget to keep up with me on Twitter: @MegRoylee

Book Review: In The Country We Love: My Family Divided

Many of us know Diane Guerrero from Orange Is The New Black and Jane The Virgin, but when it comes to this talented actress, there is far more than meets the eye. When Diane was only fourteen years old, she came home from school  to find that her Colombian-born parents had been deported.

Just like that, her childhood had ended.

In In The Country We Love, Diane paints a picture of her childhood that was cast in the shadow of constant fear; fear that she would do something wrong, and her parents would be ripped away from her as a consequence. Throughout normal childhood experiences such as playing outside with her friends and dressing up for Halloween, Diane was accompanied by the presence of anxiety.

This book depicts the life of immigrants firsthand. We learn about how immigrants work multiple less than ideal jobs that often do not even offer minimum wage. Though their waking hours are spent working, most immigrants live under the poverty line. Many people are aware that immigrants are mistreated, but Diane presents us with an opportunity to have our eyes opened to the exact extent of how unfortunate the situation truly is.

Not only do we learn that immigrants work harder for less than what they deserve, but we find out that they are often taken advantage of for their extreme vulnerability. Diane’s family did absolutely everything right to become legal citizens, but they had been conned out of hard earned money and a chance to build their life in their dream country.

This is not the story of criminals “taking our jobs” or contributing to criminal activity such as drug trafficking or murder. In fact, Diane’s family was so diligent in making sure they followed every rule, her father had never so much as jaywalked.

Many people unfortunately find it easy to dismiss immigrants because they are a community of “anonymous” people. This book is changing the game by describing immigrants as what they are— human beings.

In this book, we get to read about the love shared between Diane and her family, and the heartbreaking reality of a young girl’s family being torn from her. I highly recommend this book to anybody who wants to learn more about the immigration system in the United States.

I would like to applaud and thank Diane for having the courage to share her story and open the minds of her readers.

Keep up with me on Twitter: @MegRoylee

And feel free to check out my poetry page!

Thoughts on Thursday: The Possibility of Human Cloning

Cloning is something I have always been fascinated and terrified by. With ethical dilemmas, developing technology, and practicality issues, it is no wonder people’s opinions on the subject are so divided. After hearing that Shanghai scientists successfully cloned the first primates with a complex technique, I couldn’t wait to share my thoughts on the subject.

Since humans are primates, it’s not so crazy to think that human cloning could be a possibility in the near future. Just to be clear, I don’t know very much about how cloning works, so I will mainly be discussing my thoughts on the outcome rather than the process. I also want to state that this post is about the hypothetical possibility of human cloning, and these scientists have no plans to clone humans.

Though I think it is incredible that science has advanced so much, I personally don’t believe it would be a good idea to clone humans. There are, however, people who believe cloning humans could be beneficial for mankind. People who are in favor of human cloning believe that it could help people struggling with fertility issues, assist in medical advances, and possibly even correct flaws in our genes over time.

In my opinion, the cons far outweigh the pros. One major issue in human cloning is religious concerns. People believe that it is not right to play God and create artificial life. I’m more spiritual than religious, but based on my beliefs, I still don’t think it would be ethical. Without going too deep into my beliefs (though I would happily do that in another blog post if you’re interested,) I think we are energy, and that very energy is the same thing as a “soul.” I don’t know if we are able to or even really have the right to duplicate that.

People also believe that a clone could be able to provide an organ if necessary. While, yes, I think that could be possible, it would not be ideal for an adult in an urgent situation. From what I understand, clones actually begin as babies. Clones have the identical genetic code of their “donor,” but they would still have to start out as babies. As cool as it is in science-fiction movies, a clone would not start out as an adult. That being said, an infant’s organ would not function properly in an adult’s body. Plus, assuming the clone has the same rights as us, taking an organ out of a baby’s body is highly illegal.

While we are on the subject of a clone’s rights, we don’t have a clear idea of what they would be entitled to. Can you imagine only existing as parts for the person you were cloned after? While, I believe that if human cloning ever becomes a reality, clones should absolutely have equal rights, it is very possible that they won’t be, for lack of a better term, “as human” as we are. As mind blowing as this sounds, we don’t have a solid answer pertaining to where the source of consciousness is located. Since we have never created a duplicate of a person, we cannot be sure that they would be on the same level of consciousness as “natural” humans.

Also, I think people have the idea that if you had a clone, it would be your exact duplicate. Genetically, yes, it would be your duplicate, but assuming it has the same level of consciousness as we do, it could still have an entirely different personality. Since clones start off as babies, it could potentially have decades of different experiences than its’ “donor.” When I was in high school, we actually had a debate about whether or not the clone of a child could help grieving parents who have unfortunately lost their “natural” child. That’s a pretty disturbing topic, but it was an interesting discussion. The majority of my class said a clone would be beneficial in that situation, but I do not agree. I don’t believe that people can ever truly be replaced, and I think it would be extremely unhealthy to try to do so.

While in theory, cloning sounds like it could be beneficial to mankind, I think it is far too risky and unethical.

Thanks for reading, and remember that this post was just a fun and hypothetical subject. What are your thoughts on the idea of human cloning? Let me know in the comments.

Keep up with me on Twitter: @MegRoylee

And feel free to check out my poetry page!

The Color Purple Book Review

Overview: The Color Purple by Alice Walker is about a woman named Celie living a less than ideal life. Celie is a black woman living in the South who deals with violence and bigotry on a daily basis. Whether the abuse comes from her stepfather, husband, or stepchildren, she is treated as though she is less than human. She feels so alone that she writes letters to God and then to her estranged sister. We follow Celie through decades of trauma, love, loss, and growth.

My Thoughts:

I decided to read The Color Purple with the intention of learning. As a white woman, I have never been the victim of racism, and I will never understand what that is like. Contrary to what people may believe, racism is still very prevalent in first world countries, and I wanted an uncensored and uninterrupted narrative to be what opens my eyes to something I can never experience.

In addition to racism, The Color Purple discusses themes such as sexism, religion, sexuality, violence, marriage, and family. Though I went into this book with the intention of learning about what I could not relate to, I found myself connecting with many different aspects of the book.

Even though this book is set in the early twentieth century, in many ways, it is still relevant today. Whether you are struggling with sexual identity, bigotry, or your own personal beliefs, The Color Purple addresses the issue and brings a sense of peace to the subject.

One quote that stick with me personally in terms of relevance was when Celie said “The news always sound crazy. People fussing and fighting and pointing fingers at other people, and never even looking for no peace.”

My favorite thing about this book is the way it paints humanity. The Color Purple teaches that people can be as different as night and day, but we all want love and happiness in whatever forms they may come in. Walker couldn’t have done a better job at writing eye opening material.

I truly believe this should be mandatory piece of literature on school syllabuses because of the accepting message it sends.

My rating: 5 stars

Thoughts on Thursday: Gun Control

Before I begin this post, I want to state that I will be writing about very real cases, and I mean absolutely no disrespect to the victims or their families. I pray everyone finds peace and that nothing like these events ever occurs again.

I am absolutely in favor of gun control. I will never forget the day I realized there was a massive gun issue in the United States. It was December 14th, 2012, a day I am sure most Americans remember as The Sandy Hook shooting.

I was sixteen, and I had heard rumors of a mass shooting in Connecticut. The day progressed without any details, and I eventually sat down with some friends at lunch.

“Did you hear about the shooting?”

“Most of the victims were only kids.”

I lost my appetite.

Eventually, I made my way to my second to last class of the day. Instead of preparing for our English 10 final, our puffy eyed teacher put on a movie, and let us browse the news on our laptops. It was then that I found out that twenty children, six staff members, and the shooter’s mother had been shot and killed. My blood turned to ice, and I kept asking myself, how could something like this have happened?

At the time, I worked with children ages 7 and 8 for an early childhood education class. Immediately, I realized it could have just as easily been them. I don’t think anyone has felt 100% safe at school since.

I have also had close calls when it comes to coming in contact with guns. I have experienced lockdown drills after gun threats, but thankfully, no active shooter has ever made their way into a school I was attending or working at.

I did, however, almost walk into an armed robbery at one point. I had just left Walgreens with my mom when she suddenly remembered she forgot to pick up my over-the-counter allergy medicine. She said we were about to drive past CVS and we could pick it up there if I wanted. I told her I was feeling pretty tired, and I would be fine for one night. When I got home, my Facebook timeline was flooded with statuses about how the police were called after a CVS robbery that happened only minutes before, when I would have been walking into the store. Again, thankfully nobody had been hurt.

The point of those two stories is that gun violence is extremely prevalent, even in small towns like the one I grew up in. Unfortunately, a lot of people in the United States are not as lucky as I was, and many have been and continue to get hurt, and even killed.

Here are a few Stats to prove just how prevalent gun violence is in the United States:

⁃ For every 1 person killed with a gun, 2 more are injured.

⁃ 62% of firearm deaths are suicides.

⁃ On average, 7 children under 18 years old are shot every day.

⁃ Black men are 13 times more likely to be shot.

⁃ On average, 50 women are shot to death in domestic violence situations every month.

⁃ The gun homicide rate is more than 21 times the average of other developed countries.

Looking at these stats, I don’t understand how anybody could possibly disagree with gun control. Just to put a little perspective on this, I am only twenty-one, and I have been alive for the top three most deadly mass shootings in United States history.

This is not a petty liberal versus conservative issue. Real lives are at stake, and we need to let our hatred of the other side go, and realize people are actually dying because people are too stubborn to put a stop to it.

Before people say, “it’s my second amendment right to carry a gun,” know that gun control is not about stripping every citizen of their guns, it is about stricter regulations.

I am not going to pretend I know how to completely end gun violence, I’m not even going to pretend I think it’s possible to resolve the issue completely. However, based on the results of other countries, I absolutely believe that stricter regulations will save lives.

For example, after 35 people were killed in a shooting in Tasmania, the Australian government passed a law that very week that would ban all automatic and semiautomatic firearms. If you want to obtain a firearm in Australia, you have to take a safety class and provide a reason for owning a weapon other than safety concerns. Afterwards, you must meet storage requirements that include having the weapon and ammunition stored separately, and you must agree to random inspections. In addition to these strict laws, you also must wait 28 days to receive your firearm.

Since the laws took effect, Australia has not had a deadly mass shooting.

We are at a crucial point in our history where we have to decide if the lives of our citizens are more important than guns. When it comes to gun control, if it can save even just one life, I think the “inconvenience” is more than worth it.

If you would like to contribute to change, here is how you can contact your representatives about gun control reform.

Sexist Ads Throughout History

The past is often romanticized, thus creating a love of vintage. Now, I am totally guilty of feeling a sense of nostalgia for time periods that I wasn’t even around for. We tend to think whatever era we dream about was a simpler time, but allow me to shatter that illusion for you with these sexist ads.

Here are just a few of the many vintage, misogynistic ads:

  • At Least She Didn’t Screw Everything Up

vintage-ads-that-would-be-banned-today-21.jpgI mean, maybe the food wouldn’t have burnt if she weren’t expected to wait on her husband, and keep the house spotless at all times without any help whatsoever.

Seriously, women are not second class citizens.

  • Speaking of Being Considered Second Class…

vintage-ads-that-would-be-banned-today-20.jpg“Men are better than women!”

This is a real ad.

I can’t make this up.

  • God Forbid She is Treated Like a Human

vintage-ads-that-would-be-banned-today-16.jpgThe only person who can decide where a woman belongs is the woman.

To insinuate that she belongs naked at the man’s feet is absolutely preposterous.

  • What Really Matters

vintage-ads-that-would-be-banned-today-13.jpgThe sad part about this ad is that women are still expected to be physically flawless, and intelligence is still being discouraged.

Women shouldn’t have to change who they are for men, and quite frankly, any man who values “beauty” over brains just isn’t worth my time.

  • It Still Happens in Modern Times

American-Apparel-Sexist-Unisex-Ad.jpgThis 2013 American Apparel ad is attempting to sell a unisex shirt.

The problem is this ad is that the only one being sexualized is the woman.

Don’t get me wrong, there is absolutely nothing wrong with a woman expressing her sexuality, it’s just demeaning that she is the only one who has to.

Maybe the good thing about moving forward is that you can hold onto the wonder and ditch the inequality.

Keep fighting, and never settle for less.

Thoughts On Thursday: Political Division

“We long for unity, but are unwilling to pay the price. But of course, true unity cannot be so easily won. It starts with a change in attitudes – a broadening of our minds, and a broadening of our hearts.” – Barack Obama

divided.jpgToday, you seemingly cannot go a day without witnessing how divided the United States has become. Whether this political divisiveness makes itself visible in the form of uncivilized online debates or actual harassment, The United States is more divided than it has ever been in modern history. Sure, differing opinions have always existed, but this division practically has us on the brink of a civil war.

Political division is an issue weighing on the collective minds of United States citizens, and I fear we are cracking under that weight. This issue will never be resolved until we as a nation are able to have a mature and civilized conversation. I believe the most important thing we can do is to stop viewing people with differing opinions as the villain. I have absolutely been guilty of operating under the mindset that people with different political opinions are an enemy of a peaceful country, but with the exception of extremism, this belief is false.

What is so disappointing about today’s culture is that we are so set in our own beliefs, that we refuse to listen to the other side. As someone with strong opinions, I fail to see any harm in trying to understand other points of view. While I don’t really see myself changing my political stance, I understand that we all want the best possible version of our country, and I respect that others have different opinions on how to achieve the ideal country.

Political division is not purely black and white. While I believe that we need to begin a conversation, I will acknowledge that certain beliefs can cause irreparable harm. As I stated earlier, I do not agree with extremism on either side. Based on observation, it is my opinion that extremism is unpatriotic as it caters to a small group of citizens rather than the country as a whole. I think it is okay to challenge these extreme beliefs, but I think it needs to be done in a dignified way. It does no good to greet anger and hatred with more hateful anger.

I am not living in a fairy tale land where change happens over night. I am very aware that we as a country will have to work towards unity, and I believe it is our responsibility as United States citizens to work together to create a unified country for the next generation. Hopefully, we will begin to have an open minded and respectful conversation that will help us meet in the middle one day.

Thank you so much for reading, and let me know in the comments what your opinions of political division are.

A Moment of Reflection

I’m sure you all have heard the horrendous comments made by the president about Haiti and countries in Africa. I do not want to give this horrid man any more attention than necessary. I do, however, want to use this moment as a tool to shed some light on social behavior that has to be stopped.

Too often, people forget how lucky they are to have been born in a country where we are entitled to basic human rights. I will be the first to admit that our system is flawed, but we are extremely fortunate to live in a place where we can voice our opinions and outrage without fearing our safety.

To insinuate that developing countries dominated by people of color are inferior to First World countries that are primarily white is absolutely unacceptable. If you are like me, you have not been denied opportunities because of your race. This fortune is not a reality for many colored people in Caucasian-dominated countries. For a white man who inherited his wealth to say horribly racist things about countries that are not as lucky as we are, is absolutely atrocious.

These comments were made the day before the eight year anniversary of the devastating 7.0 (initial) magnitude earthquake that struck Haiti in 2010. If that weren’t bad enough, they were also said just days before Martin Luther King Day. The timing of these comments were not simply stirring the pot, they were nothing short of cruelty.

I don’t have any answers pertaining to how we can make up for what he said, but I do believe that staying silent is counterproductive. We need to understand that the people that were spoken so poorly of, are stronger than we are. They deserve more than they have, and we live in a deeply flawed world that allows horrible people to lead a country, and doesn’t give hard working people a chance because of their location on the globe.

While I do not have any simple solutions, I do know that we cannot allow this behavior to become the norm. Whether these actions come from world leaders, or the people we encounter in our lives every day, we have to fight the notion that one group of people is superior to the others. We have to become more inclusive, and treat others as human beings before all else. We need to do everything in our power to show that these comments are not an accurate representation of the majority of United States citizens.

If you would like to take action, donating to a charity is a great way to start. Here are a few great causes that deserve all the support in the world:

Black Lives Matter

Hope For Haiti

Aid For Africa

I apologize for writing such an unorganized, rambling blog post, but it is difficult to wrap your mind around cruel and unprecedented actions.

Thank you for reading, and please, don’t allow this behavior to become normalized.